According to the St Louis Fed, from Q1 2000 to Q1 2022, federal debt has expanded from $5.77 trillion or 58% of GDP to $30.4 trillion or 125% of GDP. And the deficit spending continues unchecked. History says that government debt of over 80% of GDP inhibits economic growth.

The interest rate on the debt is currently about 1.5%, but 70% of the debt is due at various dates within 5 years, and will be rolled-over and re-priced at whatever rates are current at its maturity. However, the following chart shows that the highly negative real rates currently in effect do not persist for very long. The red line is the inflation rate, the black line is the Fed funds rate and the blue line is the “real” rate – the nominal Fed rate minus inflation. It seems likely that the Federal budget and interest expense will have a nasty collision in the next few years unless inflation falls rapidly.

Screenshot 2022-06-20 205338

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